Quaternary Geological Phenomena in Labuhan Area, Pandeglang Regency, Banten Province

U. Lumban Batu, S. Poedjoprajitno


DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v7i4.148

Geological features in Labuhan area were studied from the middle of October to the middle of November 2011 covering seventy days. Surface and subsurface data were obtained from interpretation of landsat images and shallow hand-auger boreholes. The geological features are distinctly associated with active tectonics. The stratigraphy clearly indicates at least three phases of tectonic activities since the Late Miocene until Holocene. Tectonics of phase one occurred in the Late Miocene; phase two took place in the period from Pliocene to Late Pleistocene, while tectonics phase three is ongoing in the Holocene. Volcanic activity has intensified since the Early Pleistocene. The landsat images show an irregular outline of the northern coast line. This penomenon is interpreted to be the result of tectonic uplift. On the other hand, the southern coast is linear in plan which is interpreted to correlate with tectonic subsidence. Furthermore, stratigraphic correlation shows that depositional environment changed vertically due to a local subsidence. The northern researched area is occupied by Pleistocene volcanic eruption centres, whilst the younger ones tend to shift southward. This fact tends to indicate that the subduction zone moved southward slowly.


Quaternary geological phenomena; tectonics; sea-level; Labuhan


Barnett, T.P., 1990. Recent Changes in Sea Level: A Summary. 2000 The National Academy of Science.

Beccer, T.W. and Faccenna, C., 2009. A Review of the role of subduction dynamics for regional and global plate motion Geodynamics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin p.33.

Bemmelen, R.W. van, 1949. The Geology of Indonesia. v. I-A, Martinus Nijhoff, the Hague, 732pp.

Billen, M.I., 2008. Modeling the dynamics of subducting slabs. Annual Review of Earth Planetary Sciences, 36, p.325-356. doi:10.1146/annurev.earth.36.031207.124129

Bird, E.C.F., 1993. Submerging Coasts, John Wiley and Sons. Dinther, Y. Van, Morra, G., Funiciello, F., and Faccenna C., 2009. Role of the overriding plate in the subduction process: Insights from numerical models. Tectonophysics, 484, p.74-86. doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2009.08.038

Douglas B.C., 1995. Global sea level change: Determination and interpretation NOAA, Nataional Oceanographyic data Center, Washinton, D.C. Reviews of Geophysics, 33, Suppl.

Emery K.O., 1980. Relative sea levels from tide-gaugr records. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 77, p.6969-6972. doi:10.1073/pnas.77.12.6968

Etkins, R. and Epstein, E.S., 1982. The rise og global mean sea-level as indication of climate change. Science 215, p.287-298. doi:10.1126/science.215.4530.287

Fairbridge R. and Krebs, O. Jr., 1962. Sea level and the southern oscillation. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 6, p.532-545. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.1962.tb02999.x

Fukao, Y., Obayashi, M., Inoue, H., and Nenbai, M., 1992. Subducting slabs stagnant in the mantle transition zone. Journal of Geophysical Research; Solid Earth, 97, (B4), p.4809-4822. doi:10.1029/91JB02749

Gornitz, V., L. Lebedeff, and Hansen 1982. Global sea level trend in the past century. Science 215, p.1611-1614. doi:10.1126/science.215.4540.1611

Heberger, M., Heather, C., Pablo, H.G., Peter, H., and Eli, 2009. The Impacts of sea-level rise on the California Coast. Final Paper. California Climate Change Center. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0397-5.

Hegerl, G. C., 2007 . Understanding and Attributing Climate Change: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0397-5.

Kidson, C., 2003. Sea level changes in the Holocene. Quaternary Science Review, 1, p.121-151. doi:10.1016/0277-3791(82)90002-6

Marks, P., 1961. Stratigraphic Lexicon of Indonesia. Publikasi Keilmuan No. 31 dan 31 A, Seri Geologi. Kementerian Perekonomian Republik Indonesia.

Morner, Nils-Axel, 1971. Eustatic changes during the last 20.000 years and a method of separating the isostatic and eustatic factors in an uplifted area. Palaeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 9, p.153-181. doi:10.1016/0031-0182(71)90030-7

Morner, Nils-Axel, 2004. Estimating future sea-level changes from past records. Global and Planetary Change, 40 (1-2), p.49-54. doi:10.1016/s0921-8181(03)00097-3

Nicholls, R.J., and Leatherman, S.P., 1995. Global sea-level rise. In: Strzepek, K.M. and Smith, J.B. (eds), As Climate Changes: International Impacts and Implication, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, p.92-123.

Olbertz, D., Wortel, M.J.R., Hansen, U., 1997. Trend migration and subduction zone geometry. Geophysical Research Letter, 24, p.221-224. doi:10.1029/96gl03971

Rusmana E., Suwitodirdjo, K., and Suharsono, 1991. Geological Map of the Serang Quadrangle, West Java, scale 1 : 100.000. Geological Research and Development Centre, Bandung.

Santosa, S., 1991. Geological Map of the Anyer Quadrangle, West Java, scale 1:100.000. Geological Research and Development Centre, Bandung.

Schofield, J.C., 1962. Climatic evidence from sea-level fluctuation. New Zealand Geological Survey, D..S.I.R., Otahulu, p.21-23.

Tooley 1985. Sea levels. Physical Geography, 9 (1) p.113-120. doi:10.1177/030913338500900110

Warrick, R.A., Borrow, E.M., and Wigley, T.M.L., 1993. (Eds). Climate and sea level change: observations, projections, and implications. XIV, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 424 pp. doi:10.1002/joc.3370140209

Van der Hilst, R., Engdahl, E.R., Sparkmen, W., and Nolet,G., 1991. Tomographic imaging of subducted lithosphere below northwest Pasific island arc. Nature, 357, 37-43. doi:10.1038/353037a0

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience by https://ijog.geologi.esdm.go.id/index.php/IJOG/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Indexing Site :




Follow us on:

shopify visitor statistics
View My Stats