Morphotectonics of Mount Rendingan Area Related To the Appearances of Geothermal Surface Manifestations

Dewi Gentana, Nana Sulaksana, Emi Sukiyah, Euis Tintin Yuningsih


DOI: 10.17014/ijog.6.3.291-309

The researched area is situated at Mount Rendingan and its surrounding area, Lampung Province, the southern part of Sumatra Island. It has a big potential of geothermal resource in line with a unique graben like bowl landform and geothermal surface manifestations. This research was carried out using remote sensing and field observation methods. The remote sensing method used topography and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission -Digital Elevation Model (SRTM-DEM) maps to analyze morphotectonic attributes, and the result was validated by morphotectonic data analysis from field observation. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the relation between morphotectonic and the appearances of geothermal surface manifestations. The interpretation of SRTM-DEM and topographic maps are supported by morphotectonic analyses,which indicate that the geothermal surface manifestations in this area are controlled by tectonic activity. It has various levels of lift which are shown by the values of valley height weight ratio (Vf) from 0.16 to 3.31 and the values of mountain front sinuosity (Smf) from 1.05 to 2.09. The morphotectonic characteristics can describe the geological structure activity levels which are reflected in the landform and its rock. The volcanic areas consist of igneous rocks which have small primary permeabilities. However, the development of geological structure can cause fractures in the rock that step in as a medium for passing geothermal fluid from depth to surface. They are found on the fault intersection zone system trending NE-SW and NW-SE, NNE-SSW and NNW-SSE, and WE system directions that indicate the fault system is correlated with the appearances of geothermal manifestations.


Morphotectonic; geothermal surface manifestation; SRTM-DEM Image; Vf and Smf


Bhat, F.A., Bhat, I.M., Sana, H., Iqbal, M., and Mir, A.R., 2013, Identification of geomorphic signatures of active tectonics in the West Lidder watershed, Kashmir Himalayas using remote sensing and GIS. International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, Vol. 4, No. 1, p.164-176.

Billings, M.P., 1972, Structural Geology (3rd edition), Englewood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 591p.

Bull, B.W., 2007, Tectonic Geomorphology of Mountains: A New Approach to Paleoseismology, Blackwell Science Ltd., Australia, 305p.

Bull, B.W., and McFadden, L., 1977, Tectonic geomorphology North and South of the Garlock fault, California. Proceedings of the 8th Annual Geomorphology Symposium, Binghamton, New York, September, 23-24, p.115–138.

Burbank, D.W., and Anderson R.S., 2001, Tectonic Geomorphology. Malden, Blackwell Science Ltd., Australia, 267p.

Cumming, W., 2009, Geothermal resource conceptual models using surface exploration data. Proceedings of the 34th Workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, February, 9-11, p.1-6.

Doornkamp, J.C., 1986, Geomorphological approaches to the research of neotectonics. International Journal of Geological Society, Vol.143, p.335-342.

Ganas, A., Pavlides, S., Karastathis, 2005, DEM-based morphometry of range-front escarpments in Attica, central Greece, and its relation to fault slip rates. Journal of Geomorphology.

Gentana, D., Nurfadli, E., Syafri, I., Rosa, I.P.Y., and Sulastri, M., 2016, The role of physical-mechanical characteristic of weathered volcanic rock to the potential mass movement at the southern part of Garut, West Java Indonesia. Proceeding of the 24th Annual Scientific Conference and exhibitions. Federation International Surveyors, Christchurch, New Zealand, May, 2 – 6, p.1- 12.

Gentana, D., Sulaksana, N., Sukiyah, E., and Yuningsih, E.T., 2017, Determination of Tanggamus geothermal prospect area, Lampung Provinces, Sumatra based on remote sensing and 3D micromine software. Proceeding of the 25th Annual scientific conference & exhibitions. Federation International Surveyors, Helsinki, Finland, May, 29 – June, 2, p.1-13.

Goudie, S.A., 2004, Encyclopedia of Geomorphology. Routledge Ltd., New York, Vol. 1, A-1, 1156p.

Guidi, G., Scudero, S., and Gresta, S., 2012, New insights into the local crust structure of Mt. Etna volcano from seismological and morphotectonic data. Volcanology and Geothermal Research Journal, Elsevier, p.83-92.

Hancock, 1994, Continental Deformation. Pergamon press, New York, 421p.

Jarvis, A., Reuter, H.I., Nelson, A., Guevara, E., 2006, Hole-filled seamless SRTM data V3, 514 International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), available from 515

Jelinek, J., 2008, Morphotectonic analysis of digital relief model – A suitable means of searching for zones of rock mass brittle failure. Geo-Science Engineering, Vol. LIV, No.3, p. 1-13.

Kamah, M.Y., 2001, Mapping permeability potential as target reservoir at geothemal Ulubelu field. Proceeding of the 5th INAGA annual scientific conference and exhibitions, Yogyakarta, March, 7 – 10, 1-5p. (in Indonesian).

Keller, E.A., and Pinter, N., 1996, Active Tectonics ; earthquakes, uplift and landscape (2 nd edition), Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 359p.

Kirianov, V.Y., 2007, Geography of volcanic zones and distribution of active volcanoes. Natural and Human Induced Hazards. Vol.1. p.1- 21.

Linsley, J.G., Kohler, A.M., and Paulhus, H.L.J., 1949, Hydrology For Engineering, Mc-Graw Hill Book Company, Inc, United State of America, 358 p.

McCaffrey, R., 2009, The Tectonic Framework of The Sumatran Subduction Zone. Earth and Environmental Sciences, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York., 365p.

Muljana, B., 2006, Tectonic extension of the Sunda Bay. Bulletin of Scientific Contribution, Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 137-145. (in Indonesian with English abstract).

O’Rourke, T.D., Jung, J.K., and Argyrou, C., 2016, Underground pipeline response to earthquake-induced ground deformation. International Journal of Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Elsevier, p.272 – 283.

Pérez-Peña, J.V., Azor, A., Azañón, J.M., and Keller, E.A., 2010, Active tectonics in the Sierra Nevada : Insights from geomorphic indexes and drainage pattern analysis. International Journal of Geomorphology, Elsevier, p74-87.

Ritter, D.F., Kochel, C.R., and Miller, J.R., 2002, Process Geomorphology (4th edition) Mc.Graw-Hill Company, New York, 560p.

Scheidegger, A.E., 2004, Morphotectonics. Springer, Heidelberg, Berlin, 197p.

Siahaan, E.E., 1998, Hydrothermal Eruption Mapping Report of Ulubelu. Geothermal Division, E & P Directorate, Lampung, Unpublished, 43p. (in Indonesian).

Sukiyah, E., Syafri, I., Sjafrudin, A., Nurfadli, E., Khaerani, P., and Simanjuntak, P.A.D., 2015, Morphotectonic and satellite imagery analysis for idenitfying quarternary faults at southeren part of Cianjur-Garut region, West Java, Indonesia. Proceeding of the 36th Asian Confenrence on Remote Sensing, Philippina, October, 19-23, p.1-10.

Sukiyah, E., Syafri, I., Winarto, B.J., Susilo, B., Saputra, A., and Nurfadli, E., 2016, Active faults and their implications for regional development at the southern part of West Java, Indonesia. Proceeding of the 24th Annual scientific conference and exhibitions. Federation International Surveyors, Christcurch, New Zealand, May, 2 – 6, p.1-13.

Sukiyah, E., Pranantya, A.P., Dwinuryana, S., and Jones, M., 2017, The morphotectonic 3-D modeling of Cisadane watershed based on interpretation of satellite and field survey in the region of South Tangerang, West Java, Indonesia. Proceeding of the 25th Annual scientific conference and exhibitions. Federation International Surveyors, Helsinki, Finland, May, 29 – June, 2, p.1- 13.

Van Noordwijk, V.M., Agus, F., Suprayogo, D., Hairah, K., Pasya, G., Verbist, B., and Farida., 2004. The role of agroforestry in watershed hydrological functions (DAS), Journal of Agricultural Sciences, Brawijaya University, 26 (1), p.1-8. (in Indonesian with English abstract).

Van Zuidam, R.A., 1983, Terrain Analyses And Classification Using Aerial Photograph, A Geomorphological Approach. International Institute for Aerial Survey and Earth Sciences, Netherlands, Vol.VII, 325p.

Wilson, P., Rais, J., Reigber, C., Reinhart, E., Ambrosius, B.A.C., Le Pichon, X., Kasser, M., Suharto, P., Majid, A., Othman, A.H., Almeda, R., and Boonphakdee, C., 1998, Study provides data on active plate tectonics in Southeast Asia region. EOS Transactions. American Geophysical Union., Vol.79, No. 45, p.545-556.

Wilson, J.P., 2000, Terrain Analysis: Principles and Applications. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 479p.

Yudhicara, Muslim, D., Sudradjat, A., 2017. Geomorphic analysis in determining tectonic activity affected by Sumatra Fault in Liwa region and its surrounding area, Lampung, Indonesia. Indonesian Journal on Geosciences, 4(3), p.193-208. DOI:10.17014/ ijog. 4.3.193-208

Zobin, V.M., 2017, Introduction to Volcanic Seismology (3rd edition). Elsevier, 582p.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Indexing Site :




Follow us on:

shopify visitor statistics
View My Stats