The Significance of the Banda Sea: Tectonic Deformation Review in Eastern Sulawesi

Adept Titu-Eki, Robert Hall

Abstract


DOI:10.17014/ijog.7.3.291-303

The geology of eastern Sulawesi is widely known for its complexity due to multiple deformation stages.The geology on land has been studied excessively, but little assessment has been made on the offshore geology, thus the geological evolution of the area remains a subject of controversy. A thorough observation of high multibeam bathymetry dataset offshore and SRTM dataset onshore provides an understanding on the geological features relating to the tectonic deformation. Exquisite morphological features include carbonate buildups and gravitational collapse dominating the shelf areas whereas distinct form of ridges and seamount exists in the offshore. Structural features in this area including the major Tolo Thrust and South Sula Fault varied structural lineations on land with several polygonal extensional faulting and accretionary wedge on the west of the North Banda Sea. The existence of these features may indicate that the area was majorly deformed during Neogene, specifically relating to the opening of the Banda Sea due to the subduction rollback of Banda.


Keywords


tectonic deformation; Sulawesi; Banda Sea; multibeam; SRTM; subduction rollback

References


Ahmad, W. 1977. Geology along the Matano Fault Zone, East Sulawesi, Indonesia. Regional Conference on the Geology and Mineral Resources of South East Asia, Jakarta.

Audley-Charles, M. G. 1974. Sulawesi. Geological Society. London. Special Publications. 4. 365-378. DOI:10.1144/GSL.SP.2005.004.01.21

Bowin, C., Purdy, G.M., Johnston, C., Shor, G., Lawver, L., Hartono, H.M.S. and Jezek, P., 1980. Arc-Continent Collision in Banda Sea Region. AAPG Bulletin, 64(6), pp.868-915. DOI:10.1306/2f919b1b-16ce-11d7-8645000102c1865d

Bubb, J.N. & Hatlelid, W.G., 1978. Seismic Stratigraphy and Global Changes of Sea Level, Part 10: Seismic Recognition of Carbonate Buildups. AAPG Bulletin, 62(5), pp.772-791. DOI:10.1306/c1ea4e4b-16c9-11d7-8645000102c1865d

Davies, I. C. 1990. Geological and Exploration Review of the Tomori Psc. Eastern Indonesia. Indonesian Petroleum Association. 19. Vol. 1. 41-67.

Ferdian, F., Hall, R. & Watkinson, I. 2010. A Structural re-Evaluation of the North Banggai-Sula Area, Eastern Indonesia. Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association. IPA10-G-009. DOI:10.29118/ipa.2303.10.g.009

Fortuin, A.R., De Smet, M.E.M., Hadiwasastra, S., Van Marle, L.J., Troelstra, S.R. and Tjokrosapoetro, S., 1990. Late Cenozoic Sedimentary and Tectonic History of South Buton, Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 4(2), pp.107-124. DOI:10.1016/0743-9547(90)90010-B

Garrard, R., Supandjono, J. & Surono. 1988. The Geology of the Banggai-Sula Microcontinent, Eastern Indonesia. Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association, IPA 88-11.01. DOI:10.29118/ipa.653.23.52

Hall, R. 2002. Cenozoic Geological and Plate Tectonic Evolution of SE Asia and the SW Pacific: Computer-Based Reconstructions, Model and Animations. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 20, 353-431. DOI:10.1016/S1367-9120(01)00069-4

Hall, R. 2009. Indonesian Geology. Encyclopedia of Islands, Univ. California Press, Berkeley, California, 454-460.

Hall, R. 2012. Late Jurassic-Cenozoic Reconstructions of the Indonesian Region and the Indian Ocean. Tectonophysics. 570. 1-41. DOI:10.1016/j.tecto.2012.04.021

Hall, R. & Sevastjanova, I. 2012. Australian Crust in Indonesia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences. 59. 827-844. DOI:10.1080/08120099.2012.692335

Hamilton, W. B. 1979. Tectonics of the Indonesian Region. Us Govt. Print. Off. 345.

Hasanusi, D., Abimanyu, R., Artono, E. & Baasir, A. 2004. Prominent Senoro Gas Field Discovery in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Proceeding Deep Water And Frontier Exploration In Asia & Australia Symposium. 1-21. DOI:10.29118/ipa.1770.177.197

Hasanusi, D., Wijaya, R. & Sumarianto, J. Tiaka-Tiara Fault Bend Fold Structures and Its Implication to Control Hydrocarbon Entrapment within Fracture Carbonate Reservoir in the Eastern Arm of Sulawesi, Indonesia. International Conference & Exhibition. 2015. Melbourne, Australia. Aapg/Seg.

Hinschberger, F., Malod, J.A., Réhault, J.P., Dyment, J., Honthaas, C., Villeneuve, M. and Burhanuddin, S., 2000. Origine Et Evolution Du Bassin Nord-Banda (Indonesie): Apport Des Donnees Magnetiques. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences-Series IIA-Earth and Planetary Science, 331(7), pp.507-514. DOI:10.1016/S1251-8050(00)01438-5

Hinschberger, F., Malod, J.A., Réhault, J.P. and Burhanuddin, S., 2003. Contribution of Bathymetry and Geomorphology to the Geodynamics of the East Indonesian Seas. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 174(6), pp.545-560. DOI:10.2113/174.6.545

Katili, J.A., 1978. Past and Present Geotectonic Position of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Tectonophysics, 45(4), pp.289-322. DOI:10.1016/0040-1951(78)90166-X

Klompe, T. H. 1954. The Structural Importance of the Sula Spur (Indonesia). Indonesian Journal of Natural Sciences. 110. 21-40.

Lapouille, A., Haryono, H., Larue, M., Pramumijoyo, S. and Lardy, M., 1985. Age and Origin of the Sea-Floor of the Banda Sea (Eastern Indonesia). Oceanologica Acta, 8(4), pp.379-389.

Lee, C.S. and McCabe, R., 1986. The Banda–Celebes–Sulu Basin: A Trapped Piece Of Cretaceous–Eocene Oceanic Crust?. Nature, 322(6074), p.51. DOI:10.1038/322051a0

Martosuwito, S. 2012. Tectonostratigraphy of the Eastern Part of Sulawesi, Indonesia, in relation to the terrane origins. Jurnal Geologi dan Sumberdaya Mineral. 22. 199-207.

Milsom, J. 2000. Stratigraphic Constrait on Suture Models for Eastern Indonesia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 18, 761-779. DOI:10.1016/S1367-9120(00)00035-3

Natawidjaja, D. H. & Daryono, M. R. 2015. The Lawanopo Fault, Central Sulawesi, East Indonesia. AIP Conference Proceedings. AIP Publishing, 030001. DOI:10.1063/1.4915009

Patria, A. and Hall, R., 2017. The Origin and Significance of the Seram Trough, Indonesia. Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association. Forty-first Annual Convention & Exhibition. IPA 17-19-G.

Pigram, C.J. and Panggabean, H., 1984. Rifting of the Northern Margin of the Australian Continent and the Origin of Some Microcontinents in Eastern Indonesia. Tectonophysics, 107(3-4), pp.331-353. DOI:10.1016/0040-1951(84)90257-9

Réhault, J.P., Malod, J.A., Larue, M., Burhanuddinn, S. and Sarmili, L., 1991. A new sketch of the central North Banda Sea, Eastern Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 6(3-4), pp.329-334. DOI:10.1016/0743-9547(91)90078-C

Rudyawan, A. & Hall, R. 2012. Structural Reassessment of the South Banggai-Sula Area: No Sorong Fault Zone. Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association. 36th Annual Convention. IPA12-G-030. DOI:10.29118/ipa.0.12.g.030

Silver, E.A., Gill, J.B., Schwartz, D., Prasetyo, H. and Duncan, R.A., 1985. Evidence for a Submerged and Displaced Continental Borderland, North Banda Sea, Indonesia. Geology, 13(10), pp.687-691. DOI:10.1130/0091-7613(1985)13<687:EFASAD>-2.0.CO;2

Simandjuntak, T. 1986. Sedimentology and Tectonics of the Collision Complex in the East Arm Sulawesi, Indonesia. Unpublished. Ph.D Thesis. p 374. Royal Holloway and Bedford New College. Univ. London.

Spakman, W. & Hall, R. 2010. Surface Deformation and Slab-Mantle Interaction during Banda Arc Subduction Rollback. Nature Geoscience, 3, 562-566. DOI:10.1038/ngeo917

Spencer, J. E. 2011. Gently Dipping Normal Faults Identified With Space Shuttle Radar Topography Data in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, and Some Implications for Fault Mechanics. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 308, 267-276. DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.06.028

Sukamto, R. 1990. Peta Geologi Lembar Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi Selatan, Skala 1: 1000.000. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Geologi. Bandung.

Victor, K.M.R., Ilahude, D., Hermansyah, G., Wijaya, P.H., Nainggolan, T.B., Usman, E., Sarmili, L., Kurnio, H., Widiatmoko, H.C., Rachmat, B. and Dewi, K.T. 2017. Seismic Stratigraphy Detection and Evaluation: The Implications in Exploring for Hydrocarbon Structural Traps in Morowali Waters and Gulf Of Kendari, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association. IPA 17-475-SG. DOI:10.29118/ipa.50.17.475.sg

Watkinson, I. M., Hall, R. & Ferdian, F. 2011. Tectonic re-Interpretation of the Banggai-Sula-Molucca Sea Margin, Indonesia. Geological Society. London. Special Publications. 355. 203-224. DOI:10.1144/SP355.10


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal on Geoscience by https://ijog.geologi.esdm.go.id/index.php/IJOG/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Indexing Site :

 

 

 

Follow us on:


shopify visitor statistics
View My Stats